Stoichiometry is the study of the usage of limiting reagents in science and medicine. Reagents are commonly used in sciences to provide consistency in results, facilitate experimentation, and improve the speed of the process. In medical practice, stoichiometry has been used to determine the specific effects of various drugs on laboratory animals, and also in the determination of the time required for various types of treatments. This article will cover the topic of using limiting reagents in the study of health and disease, and the implications of the use of limiting reagents in biochemistry.
Stochiometry is the use of limiting reagents to induce reaction equilibrium. To achieve equilibrium, a reaction is halted by applying an agent that causes a desired result (e.g., stopping a reaction with a dissociable intermediate). Stoichiometry is a descriptive and analytical method of determining the reaction equilibrium as it occurs.
The benefits of stoichiometry can be used in both research and practice, for both humans and animals, and are especially useful in medicine and in health care workers. The most common use of stoichiometry is in research, as it allows the experimental setting to mimic human or animal living conditions.
Stochiometry is used in many forms of medicine. The limitations of existing drugs and therapies have caused a greater interest in stoichiometry, and recent advances in stoichiometry methods have made it possible to generate human response curves in mice, and to see these responses in living tissue cultures, using commonly available solvents. In medicine, stoichiometry is used in the study of diseases that affect the nervous system, such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and Huntington’s disease.
The chemical properties of the limiting reagent in the presence of the target molecule (the primary target of the reaction), have been studied, and they have been used to test the effectiveness of different medicines and therapies, and to determine the rate of drug metabolism, which is an important factor in drug design. Monitoring the effects of reagents on a target organism can be very useful in designing drugs for diseases, and in evaluating treatment regimes in people.
Stochiometry is also applied in biochemistry. Reagents such as estradiol, the sex hormone estrogen, are sometimes used in the study of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer. Stochiometry is used in the analysis of gene expression as well, in the study of how cells respond to therapy, in cell culture and in culture experiments.
Stochiometry is used in cancer to study the effects of radiation and chemotherapy, as well as of different drug combinations. When evaluating the effect of xenobiotics, such as asbestos, or of chemotherapy on cell culture experiments, stoichiometry can be used to evaluate the effect of chemical agents, as well as of different drug combinations. Research into whether particular drugs affect tumors in different ways, has led to more effective drugs, and new drugs that improve efficiency of chemotherapy.
As the field of stoichiometry continues to evolve, and as the use of limiting reagents improves, it is likely that new fields of biochemistry will emerge. Molecular Biology is a field that have been in operation for years, but is still only at the beginning of its growth and development.