This article is a short one about the history of DNA or nucleic acid research and its relation to Rna interference. The purpose of this brief introduction is to answer the question – “Does RNA interference have any medical application?”
Basically, the process of DNA replication is made possible by the ribonucleic acid, or RNA. This polymer of nucleotides comprises almost all of the genetic material in the human body. The DNA strands, however, need to be directly replicated because they are so big and must be distributed.
In order to replicate the DNA, the cell first needs to identify the strands that are needed for the replication, then replicates them through a process called recombination. This produces what is known as the double helix, which is the main component of the DNA strands.
The next step is to then build additional strands which will allow for further duplication. For example, the woman that is infected with a human papilloma virus (HPV) needs to create extra strands to help stop the spread of the virus. These additional strands are known as the capsid.
When the extra capsid strands are then created, the two strands from the original duplicated strand are needed to combine together and form the nucleus of the cell. The body recognizes the capsid in the nucleus as one single strand because of the fact that these extra strands are not intertwined with each other.
This process is a natural process that happens in all cells, but when there is a certain abnormality in the DNA replication process, it can lead to diseases or malfunctions. These dysfunctions are said to be caused by the mutations that occur due to the inability of the DNA replication system to properly distribute the duplicated strands.
However, one of the most common disorders of this kind is the Polycystic Kidney Disease, which affects people who have inherited the disorder from both their parents. These people will usually have a problem with the X chromosome, which does not contain a tail, which causes the case to be polycystic in nature.
Due to the complications associated with these disorders, it is widely accepted that the use of Rna interference methods is a solution to stop such disease from progressing. In addition, the Rna interference method can be used in cases where there is a disorder in the regulation of protein synthesis.